Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definitions

prt
1

indicates a question (sometimes rhetorical)

Note: was written as 歟; used at sentence-end
2

or; whether or not

Note: after each alternative
3

some- (e.g. something, someone)

Note: after an interrogative
See also: 何か
4

indicates doubt, uncertainty, etc.

Note: sometimes after other particles
See also: とか
5

emphatic prefix

Note: usu. before an adjective
See also: か弱い
suf
6

suffix forming adjectives or adverbs

Note: after an indeclinable word
See also: 定か
adv
7

in that way

Note: archaism

Example Sentences

(かれ)はばかだ。
➥He is foolish.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)はとても(わか)い。
➥He is very young.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)はもう()たよ。
➥He has left already.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)はまだ(わか)い。
➥He is still young.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)はふけている。
➥He looks old for his age.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)はだれですか。
➥Who is he?
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ga
Kana
Romaji

Definitions

prt
1

indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)

2

indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)

prt
3

but; however; still; and

Example Sentences

(あし)(いた)い。
➥I have sore feet.
Full Entry➤
()(しら)けた。
➥The party grew chilly.
Full Entry➤
先生(せんせい)()る。
➥There comes our teacher.
Full Entry➤
体中(からだちゅう)(いた)む。
➥I ache all over.
Full Entry➤
(こころ)(うご)くね。
➥That sounds very tempting.
Full Entry➤
大学生(だいがくせい)です。
➥I am a university student.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definition

suf
1

under (being in said condition or environment)

Kanji

Readings: カ、 ゲ、 した、 しも、 もと、 さ.げる、 さ.がる、 くだ.る、 くだ.り、 くだ.す、 -くだ.す、 くだ.さる、 お.ろす、 お.りる
Meanings: below, down, descend, give, low, inferior

Example Sentences

(まくら)(くだ)さい。
➥Please get me a pillow.
Full Entry➤
()(くだ)さい。
➥Please come.
Full Entry➤
(ゆる)して(くだ)さい。
➥Please forgive me.
Full Entry➤
(まく)()りた。
➥The curtain fell.
Full Entry➤
(ほん)(くだ)さい。
➥I'd like a book.
Full Entry➤
(みず)をください。
➥Some water, please.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definition

suf
1

action of making something; -ification

See also: 化する

Kanji

Readings: カ、 ケ、 ば.ける、 ば.かす、 ふ.ける、 け.する
Meanings: change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization

Example Sentences

化学(かがく)(きら)いだ。
➥I hate chemistry.
Full Entry➤
悪化(あっか)したのですか。
➥Is it getting worse?
Full Entry➤
彼女(かのじょ)化粧(けしょう)()い。
➥She wears a lot of makeup.
Full Entry➤
消化(しょうか)不良(ふりょう)です。
➥I have gas indigestion.
Full Entry➤
(きず)化膿(かのう)しました。
➥Pus has formed in the wound.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)化学(かがく)熱心(ねっしん)だ。
➥He is keen on science.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definition

1

beautiful; good; excellent

Kanji

Reading: 
Meanings: excellent, beautiful, good, pleasing, skilled

Example Sentence

才子(さいし)多病(たびょう)佳人(かじん)薄命(はくめい)
➥Whom the gods love die young.
Full Entry➤

Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definitions

1

addition; increase

2

Canada

Note: abbreviation
See also: 加奈陀

Kanji

Readings: カ、 くわ.える、 くわ.わる
Meanings: add, addition, increase, join, include, Canada

Example Sentences

会話(かいわ)(くわ)われば。
➥Why don't you join in the conversation?
Full Entry➤
(あめ)(かぜ)(くわ)わった。
➥Wind accompanied the rain.
Full Entry➤
いい加減(かげん)にしろよ。
➥Cut it out.
Full Entry➤
列車(れっしゃ)加速(かそく)した。
➥The train gathered speed.
Full Entry➤
いい加減(かげん)()たら。
➥Isn't it about time you went to bed?
Full Entry➤
カナダの出身(しゅっしん)です。
➥I'm from Canada.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definition

1

passable; acceptable; tolerable; fair

Kanji

Readings: カ、 コク、 -べ.き、 -べ.し
Meanings: can, passable, mustn't, should not, do not

Example Sentences

かなり(さむ)い。
➥It's pretty cold.
Full Entry➤
()ておくべきだ。
➥You should try to see it.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)(おこ)るべきだ。
➥He should be angry.
Full Entry➤
おかしくない?
➥Do I look OK?
Full Entry➤
かなりの変人(へんじん)だ。
➥He is quite an odd man.
Full Entry➤
(きみ)謝罪(しゃざい)すべきだ。
➥You should apologize.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definition

1

Xia (dynasty of China; perhaps mythological)

Kanji

Readings: カ、 ガ、 ゲ、 なつ
Meaning: summer

Example Sentences

(なつ)()た。
➥Summer has come.
Full Entry➤
(なつ)()わった。
➥Summer is gone.
Full Entry➤
(なつ)()きですか。
➥Do you like summer?
Full Entry➤
(なつ)()ぎた。
➥The summer is over.
Full Entry➤
夏休(なつやす)みが()ぎた。
➥The summer vacation is over.
Full Entry➤
(なつ)がやってきた。
➥Summer has come.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definition

suf
1

-ist (used after a noun indicating someone's occupation, pursuits, disposition, etc.); -er

See also: 政治家

Kanji

Readings: カ、 ケ、 いえ、 や、 うち
Meanings: house, home, family, professional, expert, performer

Example Sentences

(かれ)画家(がか)だ。
➥He is a painter.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)(いえ)にいた。
➥He was at home.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)手腕家(しゅわんか)だ。
➥He is a man of ability.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)(いえ)をでた。
➥He has left his family.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)倹約家(けんやくか)だ。
➥He is an economizer.
Full Entry➤
(ちち)(いえ)にいる。
➥My father is in.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definitions

1

minority; small numbers

2

unmarried person; widow; widower

Kanji

Reading: 
Meanings: widow, minority, few

Example Sentences

かつての(かれ)寡黙(かもく)(おとこ)だった。
➥He used to be a quiet man.
Full Entry➤
孤軍(こぐん)奮闘(ふんとう)したけれど、衆寡(しゅうか)(てき)せず、(かれ)のビジネスプランは(うい)()れられなかったよ。
➥He put up a brave and lone struggle, but up against such heavy odds he couldn't get his business plan accepted.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definitions

1

department; section; faculty; school; arm

2

course (of study); branch of study; specialization

3

(taxonomical) family

Kanji

Reading: 
Meanings: department, course, section

Example Sentences

(かれ)科学者(かがくしゃ)です。
➥He is a scientist.
Full Entry➤
この教科書(きょうかしょ)はよい。
➥This textbook is good.
Full Entry➤
内科(ないか)はどこですか。
➥Where is the Internal Medicine Department?
Full Entry➤
(かれ)法科(ほうか)学生(がくせい)だ。
➥He is an undergraduate in the law department.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)科学(かがく)熱心(ねっしん)だ。
➥He is keen on science.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)偉大(いだい)科学者(かがくしゃ)だ。
➥He is a great scientist.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definitions

1

phala (attained state, result)

(Buddhist term)
See also:
2

enlightenment (as the fruits of one's Buddhist practice)

(Buddhist term)
See also: 悟り
3

fruit

See also: 果物
ctr
4

counter for pieces of fruit

Kanji

Readings: カ、 は.たす、 はた.す、 -は.たす、 は.てる、 -は.てる、 は.て
Meanings: fruit, reward, carry out, achieve, complete, end, finish, succeed

Example Sentences

果報(かほう)()()て。
➥Everything comes to those who wait.
Full Entry➤
結果(けっか)だけが重要(じゅうよう)だ。
➥The result is all that matters.
Full Entry➤
その果物(くだもの)(くさ)った。
➥The fruit went bad.
Full Entry➤
つかれ()てたよ。
➥I'm worn out.
Full Entry➤
結果(けっか)だけが必要(ひつよう)だ。
➥The result is all that matters.
Full Entry➤
果物(くだもの)をご遠慮(えんりょ)なく。
➥Please help yourself to some fruit.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definition

1

rack; mount; stand

Kanji

Readings: カ、 か.ける、 か.かる
Meanings: erect, frame, mount, support, shelf, construct

Example Sentences

(かわ)(はし)がかけられた。
➥A bridge was built across the river.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)(へい)梯子(はしご)()けた。
➥He placed the ladder against the fence.
Full Entry➤
牧師(ぼくし)十字架(じゅうじか)(つく)った。
➥The priest made the sign of the cross.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)らは(かわ)(はし)をかけた。
➥They built a bridge across the river.
Full Entry➤
鉄橋(てっきょう)(かわ)にかけられた。
➥An iron bridge was built across the river.
Full Entry➤
(いけ)には(はし)がかかっている。
➥There is a bridge over the pond.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definitions

1

Tuesday

Note: abbreviation
See also: 火曜
2

fire (second of the five elements)

See also: 五行

Kanji

Readings: カ、 ひ、 -び、 ほ-
Meaning: fire

Example Sentences

()()せ。
➥Put out the fire.
Full Entry➤
()()える。
➥Fire burns.
Full Entry➤
()()えた。
➥The fire is out.
Full Entry➤
(みみ)がほてる。
➥My ears burn.
Full Entry➤
()()えた。
➥The fire went out.
Full Entry➤
(いえ)火事(かじ)だ。
➥The house is on fire!
Full Entry➤
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個、 个

Readings

Kana: か、カ
Romaji: ka, ka
Kana
Romaji

Definition

ctr
1

counter for the ichi-ni-san counting system (usu. directly preceding the item being counted); a noun read using its on-yomi

Kanji

Readings: カ、 コ
Meaning: counters for things
Readings: コ、 カ
Meanings: individual, counter for articles
Readings: カ、 コ
Meanings: counter for articles, individual

Example Sentences

この(みずうみ)はこの箇所(かしょ)一番(いちばん)(ふか)い。
➥The lake is deepest at this point.
Full Entry➤
(わたし)はスキー(ちゅう)に2箇所(かしょ)骨折(こっせつ)した。
➥I broke my leg in two places during a skiing mishap.
Full Entry➤
先生(せんせい)はもう一度(いちど)重要(じゅうよう)箇所(かしょ)要約(ようやく)した。
➥Our teacher ran through the important points again.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)は5(こう)で5カ(しょ)まちがえた。
➥He made five mistakes in as many lines.
Full Entry➤
強風(きょうふう)のため電線(でんせん)(すう)箇所(かしょ)切断(せつだん)された。
➥The strong wind cut the electric wires in several places.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)答案(とうあん)には見落(みお)としが2カ(しょ)あった。
➥There were two careless mistakes on his paper.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definition

suf
ctr
1

counter for loads (that can be carried on one's shoulders)

Kanji

Readings: カ、 に
Meanings: baggage, shoulder-pole load, bear (a burden), shoulder (a gun), load, cargo, freight

Example Sentences

荷物(にもつ)(なん)()ですか。
➥How many bags do you have?
Full Entry➤
荷物(にもつ)(とど)きましたか。
➥Has the shipment arrived yet?
Full Entry➤
(かれ)荷物(にもつ)()ろした。
➥He put down his burden.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)重荷(おもに)(あえ)いだ。
➥He panted under a heavy load.
Full Entry➤
荷物(にもつ)は3つあります。
➥I have three pieces of baggage.
Full Entry➤
手荷物(てにもつ)はこれだけです。
➥This is all my carry-on baggage.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definitions

1

fruit

Note: archaism
suf
ctr
2

counter for fruit

Kanji

Reading: 
Meanings: candy, cakes, fruit

Example Sentences

いろいろなお菓子(かし)があった。
➥There were various kinds of sweets.
Full Entry➤
子供(こども)一般(いっぱん)には菓子(かし)()きだ。
➥In general, children are fond of candy.
Full Entry➤
自由(じゆう)にお菓子(かし)をお()りください。
➥Please help yourself to the cake.
Full Entry➤
その子供(こども)菓子(かし)をつかんだ。
➥The child grabbed the candy.
Full Entry➤
菓子(かし)()自由(じゆう)()って(くだ)さい。
➥Please help yourself to the sweets.
Full Entry➤
この菓子(かし)自由(じゆう)にお()(くだ)さい。
➥Please help yourself to these cakes.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definitions

1

lesson

2

section (in an organization); division; department

ctr
3

counter for lessons and chapters (of a book)

Kanji

Reading: 
Meanings: chapter, lesson, section, department, division, counter for chapters (of a book)

Example Sentences

(だい)()()もう。
➥Let's read Lesson 3.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)課長(かちょう)昇進(しょうしん)した。
➥He was promoted to section chief.
Full Entry➤
課税品(かぜいひん)をお()ちですか。
➥Do you have anything to declare?
Full Entry➤
(だい)()(やさ)しい。
➥Lesson Two is easy.
Full Entry➤
(だい)()(もど)りましょう。
➥Let's turn back to the third lesson.
Full Entry➤
(わたし)課長(かちょう)任命(にんめい)された。
➥I was appointed to section chief.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definitions

1

surplus- (attaches to start of Sino-Japanese words); excess-; over-

2

per- (chemical with more of a certain element than found in other compounds of the same constituents)

Kanji

Readings: カ、 す.ぎる、 -す.ぎる、 -す.ぎ、 す.ごす、 あやま.つ、 あやま.ち、 よ.ぎる
Meanings: overdo, exceed, go beyond, error

Example Sentences

(なつ)()ぎた。
➥The summer is over.
Full Entry➤
(むずか)しすぎる。
➥It's too difficult.
Full Entry➤
(おお)きすぎるわ。
➥It's too loud.
Full Entry➤
過去(かこ)過去(かこ)
➥Let bygones be bygones.
Full Entry➤
(とき)(はや)()ぎる。
➥Time flies.
Full Entry➤
時過(じす)ぎにね。
➥See you a little past 7.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definition

1

mosquito

Kanji

Readings: ブン、 か
Meaning: mosquito

Example Sentences

()()した。
➥A mosquito just bit me.
Full Entry➤
()()れが(かれ)()った。
➥A swarm of mosquitoes followed him.
Full Entry➤
()にたくさん()されました。
➥I got a lot of mosquito bites.
Full Entry➤
(わたし)()()された。
➥I got bitten by mosquitoes.
Full Entry➤
マラリアは()媒介(ばいかい)する。
➥Malaria is carried by mosquitoes.
Full Entry➤
(わたし)昨晩(さくばん)()になやまされた。
➥I was harried by mosquitoes last night.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ga
Kana
Romaji

Definitions

1

obstinacy

(Buddhist term)
2

atman; the self; the ego

Kanji

Readings: ガ、 われ、 わ、 わ.が-、 わが-
Meanings: ego, I, selfish, our, oneself

Example Sentences

明日(あした)()()
➥Tomorrow it might be me.
Full Entry➤
我慢(がまん)できない。
➥I can't put up with it.
Full Entry➤
(いま)()(くさり)()き。
➥I cast aside my chains.
Full Entry➤
怪我(けが)をするよ。
➥You will hurt yourself.
Full Entry➤
我慢(がまん)してくれ。
➥Bite the bullet.
Full Entry➤
我慢(がまん)しましょう。
➥I'll bite the bullet.
Full Entry➤
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Readings

Kana: が、え
Romaji: ga, e
Kana
Romaji

Definition

1

picture; drawing; painting; sketch

Kanji

Readings: ガ、 カク、 エ、 カイ、 えが.く、 かく.する、 かぎ.る、 はかりごと、 はか.る
Meanings: brush-stroke, picture

Example Sentences

(かれ)画家(がか)だ。
➥He is a painter.
Full Entry➤
映画(えいが)()くの?
➥You're going to a movie?
Full Entry➤
この(ひと)画家(がか)だ!
➥This fellow is an artist!
Full Entry➤
計画(けいかく)はできた。
➥Our plan is made.
Full Entry➤
これは絵画(かいが)だ。
➥This is a painting.
Full Entry➤
(かれ)らは、画家(がか)だ。
➥They are artists.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ga
Kana
Romaji

Definition

1

moth

Kanji

Readings: ギ、 ガ、 ひむし
Meaning: moth

Example Sentences

がは(あかり)(あつ)まる。
➥Moths are attracted by light.
Full Entry➤
それは(ちょう)ですか、それとも()ですか。
➥Is it a butterfly or a moth?
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ga
Kana
Romaji

Definition

1

congratulation

See also: 賀の祝

Kanji

Reading: 
Meanings: congratulations, joy

Example Sentences

戦勝(せんしょう)(いわ)祝賀会(しゅくがかい)(ひら)かれた。
➥Ceremonies were held to celebrate victories.
Full Entry➤
年賀状(ねんがじょう)()くのは日本(にっぽん)習慣(しゅうかん)である。
➥Writing new year's cards is a Japanese institution.
Full Entry➤
その祝賀会(しゅくがかい)で、(かれ)自分(じぶん)親戚(しんせき)(わたし)紹介(しょうかい)した。
➥He introduced me to his relatives at the reception.
Full Entry➤
(わたし)友達(ともだち)年賀状(ねんがじょう)()すのを(わす)れた。
➥I forgot to send New Year's cards to my friends.
Full Entry➤
もう年賀状(ねんがじょう)全部(ぜんぶ)()いてしまったのですか。
➥Have you written all the New Year's cards already?
Full Entry➤
年賀状(ねんがじょう)のおかげで私達(わたしたち)友達(ともだち)親戚(しんせき)消息(しょうそく)()かる。
➥New Year's cards provide us with the opportunity to hear from friends and relatives.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ga
Kana
Romaji

Definitions

1

elegance; grace

2

festal song (genre of the Shi Jing)

See also: 六義

Kanji

Readings: ガ、 みや.び
Meanings: gracious, elegant, graceful, refined

Example Sentences

彼女(かのじょ)優雅(ゆうが)だ。
➥She is graceful.
Full Entry➤
ローラは優雅(ゆうが)におどった。
➥Lola danced with grace.
Full Entry➤
彼女(かのじょ)優雅(ゆうが)(ひと)だとわかった。
➥I found her graceful.
Full Entry➤
アンは優雅(ゆうが)(うた)う。
➥Ann sings elegantly.
Full Entry➤
彼女(かのじょ)はとても優雅(ゆうが)()える。
➥She looks very elegant.
Full Entry➤
麿(まろ)(みやびか)びな()()まれでおじゃる。
➥I am descended from a graceful family.
Full Entry➤
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definition

1

smell (esp. a good smell); fragrance; scent; aroma; perfume

Note: esp. 〜の香
See also: 花の香

Kanji

Readings: コウ、 キョウ、 か、 かお.り、 かお.る
Meanings: incense, smell, perfume

Example Sentences

危険(きけん)(かお)りがする。
➥There's a scent of danger.
Full Entry➤
彼女(かのじょ)色香(いろか)(まよ)った。
➥He was fascinated with her beauty.
Full Entry➤
バラは()(かお)りがする。
➥Roses smell sweet.
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(きく)はよい(かお)りがする。
➥Chrysanthemums smell sweet.
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ゆりは(あま)(かお)りがする。
➥Lilies smell sweet.
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それはよい(かお)りがする。
➥It smells delicious.
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鹿

Readings

Kana: しか、かせぎ、か、ろく、シカ
Romaji: shika, kasegi, ka, roku, shika
Kana
Romaji

Definition

1

deer (esp. the sika deer, Cervus nippon)

Kanji

鹿
Readings: ロク、 しか、 か
Meaning: deer

Example Sentences

馬鹿(ばか)な!
➥This is ridiculous!
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(かれ)はばかだ。
➥He is foolish.
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馬鹿(ばか)にするな!
➥Don't have me on!
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馬鹿(ばか)みたい!
➥This is silly!
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そんな馬鹿(ばか)な。
➥That's crazy.
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馬鹿(ばか)げている!
➥Nonsense!
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definitions

1

day of month

ctr
2

counter for days

Kanji

Readings: ニチ、 ジツ、 ひ、 -び、 -か
Meanings: day, sun, Japan, counter for days

Example Sentences

明日(あした)どうぞ。
➥You can visit me tomorrow.
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(くも)りの()です。
➥It's a cloudy day.
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人生(じんせい)最良(さいりょう)()
➥The best day in one's life.
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土曜日(どようび)だよ。
➥It is Saturday.
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日本(にっぽん)強国(きょうこく)だ。
➥Japan is a mighty nation.
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素敵(すてき)休日(きゅうじつ)を。
➥Have a nice holiday.
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Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definition

1

ge (ancient Chinese dagger-axe)

Kanji

Readings: カ、 ほこ、 ほこづくり
Meanings: halberd, arms, festival car, float, tasselled spear radical (no. 62)

Reading

Kana:
Romaji: ka
Kana
Romaji

Definitions

1

condyle

ctr
2

counter for grains and small spheres

Note: archaism

Kanji

Readings: カ、 つ.ぶ
Meaning: grain (e.g. rice)