Daily Words

Learn a new word a day for Japanese success!

Today’s Words

Jul 20, 2018
N5
いいえ、いいや、いえ、いな、いや
Definition
no, nay, well, er, why
N4
きしゃ
Definition
train (sometimes specifically a steam train)
N3
しゃべる
Definition
to talk, to chat, to chatter
N2
しゃこ
Definition
garage, car shed, carport
N1
きしむ
Definition
to jar, to creak, to grate

Daily Word History

July 19

N5

吾、吾れ、我れ
われ、わ、あれ、あ、わぬ、わろ
I; me; oneself; you; prefix indicating familiarity or contempt
N4

危険

きけん
danger; peril; hazard; risk
N3

しも
frost
N2

蛇口

じゃ口
じゃぐち
faucet; tap
N1

兆し

萌し
きざし
signs; omen; symptoms

July 18

N5

歩く

あるく
to walk
N4

機会

きかい
chance; opportunity
N3

lowness (of degree, value, etc.); inferiority; second volume (of two); third volume (of three)
N2

しゃがむ

しゃがむ
to squat; to crouch
N1

気障

きざ
affected; smug; pompous; conceited; snobby; pretentious

July 17

N5

有る

在る
ある
to be (usu. of inanimate objects); to exist; to live; to have; to be located; to be equipped with; to happen; to come about
N4

suf
seeming; giving the appearance of; giving one the feeling of
N3

占める

v1
vt
しめる
to occupy; to hold; to account for; to make up; to take up
N2

社会科学

しゃかいかがく
social science
N1

記載

きさい
record; statement; description; mention; listing; registration; booking; entry

July 16

N5

洗う

あらう
to wash; to investigate
N4

簡単

簡短、簡端
かんたん
simple; easy; uncomplicated; brief; quick; light
N3

示す

しめす
to (take out and) show; to demonstrate; to tell; to exemplify; to make apparent; to point out (finger, clock hand, needle, etc.); to indicate; to show; to represent; to signify; to display
N2

ジャーナリスト

ジャーナリスト
journalist
N1

既婚

きこん
marriage; married

July 15

N5

あめ
(hard) candy; toffee; rice-sugar; sugar made from the starch of rice, potatoes, etc.; amber; yellowish-brown
N4

看護師

かんごし
(hospital) nurse; registered nurse; RN
N3

事務

じむ
business; office work
N2

湿る

しめる、しとる
to be wet; to become wet; to be damp; to be moist; to be in low spirits; to feel depressed
N1

機構

きこう
mechanism; organization; organisation

July 14

N5

あめ
rain
N4

関係

かんけい
relation; relationship; connection; participation; involvement; concern; influence; effect; sexual relations; sexual relationship; related to ...; connected to ...
N3

自慢

じまん
pride; boast
N2

締め切る

閉め切る、〆切る、閉切る、締切る
しめきる
to close up; to shut up (e.g. behind doors); to cut off (e.g. because a deadline has expired)
N1

起源

起原
きげん
origin; beginning; rise

July 13

N5

余り

餘り
あまり、あんまり
remainder; rest; balance; remains; scraps; residue; remnant; not very (with negative sentence); not much; surplus; excess; fullness; too much; more than; over
N4

考える

勘える、稽える
v1
vt
かんがえる
to think about; to take into consideration; to ponder; to reflect; to try to come at a conclusion; to think over (something); to intend; to decide (to do); to plan; to come up with; to devise; to scheme; to predict; to anticipate; to expect; to suspect; to doubt; to consider (somebody to be something); to look on
N3

仕舞った

int
しまった
damn it!; damn!; oops!; oh dear!; oh no!
N2

締め切り

締切り、締切、〆切、〆切り、乄切り、閉め切り、閉切り
しめきり
deadline; closing; cut-off; end; cofferdam; closed (door, window, etc.)
N1

喜劇

きげき
comedy; funny show

July 12

N5

上手い

美味い、旨い、巧い、甘い、美い
うまい
skillful; skilful; clever; expert; wise; successful; delicious; appetizing; appetising; tasty; fortunate; splendid; promising
N4

変わる

変る
かわる
to change; to be transformed; to be altered; to vary; to move to; to be different; to be uncommon; to be unusual
N3

仕舞う

終う、了う、蔵う
しまう
to finish; to stop; to end; to put an end to; to bring to a close; to close (a business, etc.); to close down; to shut down; to shut up; to put away; to put back; to keep; to store; to finish ...; to do ... completely
N2

氏名

しめい、うじな
full name; identity
N1

棄権

きけん
abstaining from voting; renunciation of a right; did not start (sport); DNS; defaulting

July 11

N5

危ない

あぶない
dangerous; risky; hazardous; perilous; precarious; in danger; in jeopardy; critical; grave; at risk; uncertain; unreliable; insecure; unsteady; doubtful; close (i.e. a close call); narrow; look out!; watch out!
N4

代わり

替わり、代り、替り
かわり
substitute; replacement; substituting; replacing; stand-in; proxy; alternate; deputy; relief; successor; compensation; exchange; return; second helping; another cup; seconds; upcoming program; upcoming programme
N3

姉妹

しまい、きょうだい
sisters
N2

沁み沁み

染み染み、泌み泌み
しみじみ
earnestly; keenly; fully; deeply; heartily; seriously; calmly
N1

基金

ききん
fund; foundation

July 10

N5

浴びる

v1
vt
あびる
to dash over oneself (e.g. water); to take (e.g. shower); to bask in (e.g. the sun); to bathe in; to be flooded with (e.g. light); to be covered in; to suffer (e.g. an attack); to draw (e.g. criticism, attention, praise); to have heaped upon; to be showered with
N4

乾く

かわく
to get dry
N3

資本

しほん
funds; capital
N2

地味

じみ
plain; simple; subdued; sober
N1

帰京

ききょう
returning to Tokyo; returning to the capital

July 09

N5

アパート

アパート
apartment building; apartment block; apartment house; apartment
N4

かれ
he; him; his; boyfriend
N3

死亡

しぼう
death; mortality; to die; to pass away
N2
しま
stripe; bar; streak
N1

効き目

利き目、効目、利目
ききめ
effect; virtue; efficacy; impression

July 08

N5

あのう

int
あのう、あの、あのー
say; well; errr ...
N4

通う

かよう
to go to and from (a place); to go back and forth between; to run between (e.g. bus, train, etc.); to ply between; to go to (school, work, etc.); to attend; to commute; to frequent; to circulate (e.g. blood, electricity); to be communicated (e.g. thought); to resemble
N3

支払う

しはらう
to pay
N2

絞る

搾る
しぼる
to wring (towel, rag); to squeeze; to squeeze (fruit to extract juice); to press; to extract; to milk; to express milk; to rack (one's brains); to strain (one's voice); to extort; to exploit; to chew out; to reprimand severely; to rake over the coals; to give a sound scolding; to tell someone off; to scold; to rebuke; to drill into; to train; to narrow down (one's focus); to whittle down; to gather up (curtain, etc.); to tighten (drawstring); to stop down (lens); to turn down (e.g. radio); to bend (bow); to draw; to hold down; to constrict; to immobilize
N1

聞き取り

聴き取り、聞取り、聴取り
ききとり
listening comprehension

July 07

N5

あのう

int
あのう、あの、あのー
say; well; errr ...
N4

噛む

咬む、嚙む、嚼む
かむ
to bite; to chew; to gnaw; to crash against (e.g. of waves); to break onto (shore); to engage (of cogs, zippers, etc.); to mesh; to fit together; to be involved in; to fumble one's words (during a play, broadcast, etc.); to falter with one's words; to strongly confute; to argue down; to rebuke; to scold harshly
N3

支払い

支払
しはらい
payment
N2

萎む

凋む
しぼむ
to wither (e.g. flowers, dreams); to sag (e.g. balloon, grapes); to fade (away); to shrivel; to wilt; to deflate
N1

危機

きき
crisis; danger; risk

July 06

N5

あね
older sister; elder sister
N4

かみ
hair (on the head)
N3

芝生

しばふ
lawn
N2

紙幣

しへい
paper money; notes; bills
N1

気軽

きがる
carefree; buoyant; lighthearted; sprightly; ease

July 05

N5

あに
elder brother; older brother
N4

かべ、へき
wall; partition; barrier; obstacle; Chinese "Wall" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
N3

屡々

屡屡、屡、数数、数々、数
adv
しばしば
often; again and again; frequently
N2

痺れる

v1
vi
しびれる
to become numb; to go to sleep (e.g. a limb); to be excited; to be titillated; to be mesmerized
N1

気兼ね

きがね
hesitance; diffidence; feeling constraint; fear of troubling someone; having scruples about doing something

July 04

N5

彼方

かなた、あなた
beyond; across; the other side; the distance
N4

彼女

かのじょ
she; her; her; girlfriend; sweetheart
N3

芝居

しばい
play; drama
N2

地盤

じばん、ちばん
ground; crust (earth); bed (gravel, river, etc.); foundation (building, etc.); base; constituency; power base; support (electoral); footing; foothold
N1

危害

きがい
injury; harm; danger

July 03

N5

のち
later; afterwards; since; future; after one's death; descendant
N4

お金持ち

おかねもち
rich person
N3

支配

しはい
domination; rule; control; direction; guidance
N2

縛る

しばる
to tie; to bind
N1

季刊

きかん
quarterly (e.g. magazine)

July 02

N5

彼方

あちら、あっち、あち
that way (direction distant from both speaker and listener); over there; yonder; that one (something physically distant from both speaker and listener, or something not visible but known by both speaker and listener); that; that person (someone physically distant from both speaker and listener, or someone not present but known by both speaker and listener); there (place distant from both speaker and listener); over there; foreign country (esp. a Western nation)
N4

必ず

adv
かならず
always; without exception; necessarily; certainly; without fail; positively; invariably
N3

科、階
しな
article; item; thing; goods; stock; quality; flirtatiousness; coquetry
N2

児童

じどう
children; juvenile
N1

器官

きかん
organ (of body, plant, etc.)

July 01

N5

厚い

篤い
あつい
thick; deep; heavy; kind; cordial; hospitable; warm; faithful; serious (of an illness); abundant
N4

悲しい

哀しい
かなしい
sad; sorrowful
N3

自動

自働
じどう
automatic; self-motion; intransitive verb
N2

私鉄

してつ
private railway
N1

着飾る

きかざる
to dress up

June 30

N5

熱い

あつい
hot (thing); passionate (feelings, etc.); ardent; hot (e.g. gaze); hot (e.g. temper); zealous; enthusiastic; fired up; intense; severe; extreme; hot (topic); of interest
N4

家内

かない、やうち
(my) wife; inside the home; one's family
N3

指導

しどう
leadership; guidance; coaching; shido (disciplinary action for a minor infringement of the rules of judo)
N2

指定

してい
designation; specification; assignment; appointment; pointing at
N1

規格

きかく
standard; norm