Daily Words

Learn a new word a day for Japanese success!

Today’s Words

Jan 23, 2022
N5
へ、べ、え
Definition
surrounding area, shore (of the sea), suffix used as a rough indicator of location, direction, time, etc.
N4
そう
Definition
draft, rough copy, cursive script, "grass" kanji
N3
から
Definition
trunk, stem, stalk, shaft (of an arrow), handle
N2
おうたい
Definition
receiving, dealing with
N1
いじくる
Definition
to finger, to tamper (with)

Daily Word History

January 22

N5

風邪

かぜ、ふうじゃ
common cold; cold; influenza; flu; ague
N4

空気

くうき
air; atmosphere; mood; situation; someone with no presence; someone who doesn't stand out at all
N3

運転

うんてん
operation (of a machine, etc.); operating; running; run; driving; working (capital, etc.)
N2

応ずる

vi
おうずる
to answer; to respond; to meet; to satisfy; to accept
N1

苛める

虐める
v1
vt
いじめる
to tease; to torment; to persecute; to chastise

January 21

N5

振り

ふり
swing; shake; wave; swinging; appearance; behaviour; pretence (pretense); show; pretending (to); going to restaurant, hotel etc. without a reservation or introduction; move (dance); postures; lead in (e.g. to a running joke, asking a question); lead up; unsewn part of a hanging sleeve on a traditional Japanese woman's garment; counter for swords, blades, etc.
N4

具合

具合い、工合
ぐあい
condition; state; manner; health
N3

うん
fortune; luck
N2

王女

おうじょ、おうにょ
princess
N1

意地

いじ
stubborness; obstinacy; willpower; pride; disposition; nature; appetite; desire; greed

January 20

N5

貸す

藉す
かす
to lend; to loan; to rent out; to hire out
N4

近所

きんじょ
neighbourhood; neighborhood
N3

うわさ
rumour; rumor; report; hearsay; gossip; common talk
N2

応援

おうえん
aid; assistance; help; reinforcement; rooting; barracking; support; cheering
N1

衣装

衣裳
いしょう
clothing; costume; outfit; garment; dress

January 19

N5

から傘

唐傘、傘
からかさ
paper umbrella; bamboo-and-paper umbrella parasol
N4

興味

きょうみ
interest (in something); curiosity (about something); zest (for)
N3

売れる

v1
vi
うれる
to sell (well); to be well known; to be popular; to be famous
N2

オイル

オイル
oil; engine oil; kerosene
N1

石文
いしぶみ
stone monument bearing an inscription (esp. memorial for future generations); stele; stela

January 18

N5

陰る

翳る
かげる
to darken; to get dark; to be clouded; to be obscured
N4

競争

きょうそう
competition; contest; to compete
N3

嬉しい

うれしい
happy; glad; pleasant
N2

追い越す

追越す、追いこす
おいこす
to pass (e.g. car); to overtake; to surpass; to outstrip; to get ahead of; to outdistance
N1

いざ

いざ
now; come (now); well

January 17

N5

学生

がくしょう、がくそう
Heian-period student of government administration; Buddhist scholar; researcher at a Buddhist temple; person studying Buddhism; learning; scholarship
N4

教会

きょうかい
church
N3

得る

うる
to be able to ...; can ...; to get; to acquire; to obtain; to procure; to earn; to win; to gain; to secure; to attain
N2

追いかける

追い掛ける、追い駆ける、追掛ける
v1
vt
おいかける
to chase; to run after; to pursue
N1

移行

いこう
switching over to; migration; transition

January 16

N5

書く

かく
to write; to compose; to pen; to draw; to paint
N4

教育

きょういく
training; education
N3

裏切る

うらぎる
to betray; to turn traitor to; to double-cross
N2

煙突

烟突
えんとつ
chimney; smokestack; funnel (of a ship); stovepipe; carrying a passenger without turning on the taximeter
N1

意向

意嚮
いこう
intention; idea; inclination

January 15

N5

牡蠣

牡蛎、蠣、硴
かき、ぼれい、カキ
oyster; oyster shell
N4

急行

きゅうこう
moving at high speed; express (e.g. train that bypasses many stations)
N3

うめ、むめ、ウメ
Japanese apricot (Prunus mume); Chinese plum; lowest (of a three-tier ranking system)
N2

延長

えんちょう
extension; elongation; prolongation; lengthening; Enchou era (923.4.11-931.4.26)
N1

異見

いけん
different opinion; objection

January 14

N5

がかる

がかる
to appear ...; to look like ...; to seem ...; to have a trace of; to be tinged with
N4

きゅう
urgent; sudden; abrupt; sharp; steep; precipitous; rapid; swift; fast; emergency; crisis; hurrying; haste; (in gagaku or noh) end of a song
N3

生まれ

生れ
うまれ
birth; birthplace; born in (country, month, imperial era, zodiac year, etc.)
N2

遠足

えんそく
excursion; outing; trip
N1

生ける

活ける
v1
vt
いける
to arrange (flowers); to plant; living; live

January 13

N5

帰る

還る、歸る
かえる
to return; to come home; to go home; to go back; to leave; to get home; to get to home plate
N4

稀人

客人、賓、客
まれびと、マレビト
visitor from afar; joy-bringing spirit from the divine realms
N3

上手い

美味い、旨い、巧い、甘い、美い
うまい
skillful; skilful; clever; expert; wise; successful; delicious; appetizing; appetising; tasty; fortunate; splendid; promising
N2

円周

えんしゅう
circumference
N1

幾多

いくた
many; numerous

January 12

N5

返す

反す
かえす
to return (something); to restore; to put back; to turn over; to turn upside down; to overturn; to pay back; to retaliate; to reciprocate; to repeat ...; to do ... back
N4

着物

きもの
clothing; clothes; kimono (or other trad. Japanese clothing)
N3

うま、いま、おま、ウマ
horse; promoted bishop
N2

演劇

えんげき
drama; theatre; theater; play
N1

育成

育生
いくせい
rearing; training; nurture; cultivation; promotion

January 11

N5

買う

かう
to buy; to purchase; to value; to have a high opinion; to stir; to provoke
N4

気持ち

気持
きもち
feeling; sensation; mood; preparedness; readiness; attitude; thanks; solicitude; sympathy; just a little; somewhat; slightly
N3

奪う

うばう
to snatch away; to dispossess; to steal
N2

園芸

えんげい
horticulture; gardening
N1

suf
せん
war; battle; match; competition

January 10

N5

買い物

買物
かいもの
shopping; purchased goods
N4

決める

極める
v1
vt
きめる
to decide; to choose; to determine; to make up one's mind; to resolve; to set one's heart on; to settle; to arrange; to set; to appoint; to fix; to clinch (a victory); to decide (the outcome of a match); to persist in doing; to go through with; to always do; to have made a habit of; to take for granted; to assume; to dress up; to dress to kill; to dress to the nines; to carry out successfully (a move in sports, a pose in dance, etc.); to succeed in doing; to immobilize with a double-arm lock (in sumo, judo, etc.); to eat or drink something; to take illegal drugs
N3

唸る

呻る
うなる
to groan; to moan; to roar; to howl; to growl; to hum (e.g. engine, wires in wind); to buzz; to sough; low, dull sound; to ooh and aah (in admiration); to sing in a strong, low voice (esp. traditional chant or recitation)
N2

宴会

えんかい
party; banquet
N1

ぐん
army; force; troops

January 09

N5

階段

かいだん
stairs; stairway; staircase
N4

きんじ
you
N3

訴える

v1
vt
うったえる
to raise; to bring to (someone's attention); to appeal to; to call for; to complain; to sue (a person); to take someone to court; to resort to (e.g. arms, violence)
N2

偉い

豪い
えらい
great; excellent; admirable; remarkable; distinguished; important; celebrated; famous; eminent; awful; terrible
N1

畏懼

いく
reverence; awe; fear

January 08

N5

会社

かいしゃ
company; corporation; workplace
N4

決まる

決る、極る
きまる
to be decided; to be settled; to look good in (clothes)
N3

移す

遷す
うつす
to change; to swap; to substitute; to transfer; to change the object of one's interest or focus; to spend or take time; to infect; to permeate something with the smell or colour of something; to move on to the next or different stage of (a plan, etc.)
N2

エプロン

エプロン
apron
N1

異議

いぎ
objection; dissent; protest

January 07

N5

外国人

がいこくじん
foreigner; foreign citizen; foreign national; alien; non-Japanese
N4

気分

きぶん
feeling; mood
N3

撃つ

討つ、射つ
v5t
うつ
to shoot (at); to attack; to defeat; to destroy; to avenge
N2

絵の具

絵具
えのぐ
paint; coloring materials; colors; colours
N1

行き成り

行成り、行き成、行成
いきなり、ゆきなり
abruptly; suddenly; all of a sudden; without warning

January 06

N5

外国

がいこく、そとぐに
foreign country
N4

厳しい

酷しい、厳めしい
きびしい、いかめしい
severe; strict; rigid; unsparing; relentless; stern; austere; grave; solemn; majestic; intense (cold); harsh
N3

宇宙

うちゅう
universe; cosmos; space
N2

エチケット

エチケット
etiquette
N1

行き違い

行違い
いきちがい、ゆきちがい
crossing without meeting (e.g. letters in the post, people on the road); going astray; difference of opinion; misunderstanding; estrangement; disagreement

January 05

N5

女の子

めのこ
woman; girl
N4

きぬ
silk
N3

suf
ない
inside; within
N2

液体

えきたい
liquid; fluid
N1

経緯

いきさつ、けいい、たてぬき、たてよこ
details; particulars; whole story; sequence of events; chronology; circumstances; how it started; how things got this way; longitude and latitude; warp and weft; warp and woof

January 04

N5

女、妻、牝
female; woman; wife
N4

キット

キット
kit
N3

疑う

うたがう
to doubt; to distrust; to be suspicious of; to suspect
N2

えっと

int
えっと、えーと、えーっと、ええと、ええっと
let me see; well; errr ...
N1

意気込む

息込む
いきごむ
to be enthusiastic about; to be eager; to be keen

January 03

N5

音楽

おんがく
music; musical movement
N4

規則

きそく
rules; regulations; conventions
N3

うそ
lie; falsehood; incorrect fact; Really!; Unbelievable!; No way!
N2

英和

えいわ
English-Japanese (e.g. dictionary)
N1

域外

いきがい
outside the area