My head aches with a cold.
Kaze de atama ga itai.
common cold; cold; influenza; flu; ague
indicates location of action; at; in; indicates time of action; indicates means of action; cause of effect; by; and then; so; indicates continuing action; indicates certainty, emphasis, etc.
head; hair (on one's head); mind; brains; intellect; leader; chief; boss; captain; top; tip; beginning; start; head; person; top structural component of a kanji
indicates sentence subject (occasionally object); indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions); but; however; still; and
painful; sore; exceeding