That dog has a short tail.
Ano inu wa shippo ga mijikai.
that (someone or something distant from both speaker and listener, or situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener)
dog (Canis (lupus) familiaris); snoop (i.e. a detective, a spy, etc.); loser; asshole; counterfeit; inferior; useless; wasteful
topic marker particle; indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated); adds emphasis
indicates sentence subject (occasionally object); indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions); but; however; still; and